The Martin Marietta Pershing I missile (MGM-31A) was conceived as a follow-on to the Redstone.
The first Pershing I launch took place on February 25, 1960. The
Pershing I was deployed in 1963.
An improved version, the Pershing Ia, was
deployed in 1969. The Pershing II, representing an evolutionary change in the
system, was deployed in 1983.
The Pershing I was the first solid fueled MRBM
(Medium Range Ballistic Missile) deployed by the U.S. Army. In fact, the
Pershing family was the only solid fueled MRBM ever deployed by the Army.
With the ratification of the INF (Intermediate
Range Nuclear Forces) Treaty with the Soviet Union in 1987, the Pershing fleet
was slated for destruction. In 1991, after nearly three decades of service, the
last of the Pershing fleet was destroyed.